Reduce Inflammation of the Stomach Naturally with Home Remedies
The inflamed stomach is commonly called gastritis and is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach, which can be called acute gastritis (when it occurs suddenly) or chronic gastritis (when it occurs little by little). The two main causes of gastritis are 1) a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori, and 2) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Other Causes of an inflamed Stomach
However, there are other causes such as other infectious agents, autoimmune problems, diseases such as Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, and granulomatous gastritis. Gastritis may be due to irritation from the excessive use of alcohol, chronic vomiting, stress, or the use of certain medications such as aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medications.
Inflammatory Stomach Symptoms
Although not all people suffering from gastritis suffer from symptoms, both water, and chronic gastritis can be accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Nausea or constant upset stomach
- Abdominal distension
- Abdominal pain
- Stomach heartburn or cramping between meals or at night
- Vomiting blood or a substance similar to ground coffee
- Consistent and black stools
If gastritis is not treated, it can lead to severe blood loss and may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.
Chronic gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed. Bacteria that consume too much alcohol, certain medications, chronic stress or other problems of the immune system can lead to inflammation. When inflammation occurs, the walls of the stomach change and lose some of its protective cells. It can also cause early satiety. This happens when your stomach feels full after tasting a few bites.
Because chronic gastritis occurs over a long period of time, it gradually erodes the walls of the stomach. And it can cause metaplasia or dysplasia. These are pre-cancerous changes in the cells that can lead to cancer if left untreated.
Chronic gastritis usually improves with treatment, but permanent follow-up may be necessary.
What types of chronic gastritis are there?
There are different types of chronic gastritis, and can be due to different causes:
- Type A is because the immune system destroys the stomach cells. And it can increase the risk of vitamin deficiencies, anemia, and cancer.
- Type B, the most common, is caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and can cause stomach, intestinal and cancer ulcers.
- Type C is due to chemical irritants with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen), alcohol or bile. It can also cause erosion of the stomach walls and bleeding.
Other types of gastritis include hypertrophic gastritis, which is related to a protein deficiency. There is also eosinophilic gastritis, which can occur along with other allergic conditions such as asthma or eczema. Chronic gastritis does not always cause symptoms. But people who have symptoms sometimes experience:
- Pain in the upper abdomen
- Loss of appetite
The following causes can irritate the walls of the stomach and produce chronic gastritis:
- Prolonged use of certain medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- The presence of H. pylori bacteria
- Certain diseases such as diabetes or kidney failure
- A weak immune system
- Intense and persistent stress that also affects the immune system
- Bile flow in the stomach or acid reflux
Factors that increase the risk of gastritis include:
Bacterial infection. Although infection by Helicobacter pylori is among the most common infections in the world, few people with this infection develop gastritis or other gastrointestinal problems. Doctors believe that vulnerability to the bacteria could be hereditary or be caused by certain lifestyles such as smoking or certain diets.
Regular use of analgesics. Common painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox), can cause acute and chronic gastritis. Regular use of these painkillers, or taking an excessive amount of these medications, can reduce a key substance that helps prevent the protection of the stomach lining.
Elderly. Older adults increase the risk of gastritis because the walls of the stomach tend to be thinner with age and because older people are more likely to have H. pylori infection or anti-immune problems than younger people.