Reduce Inflammation of the Stomach Naturally with Home Remedies

The inflamed stomach is commonly called gastritis and is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach, which can be called acute gastritis (when it occurs suddenly) or chronic gastritis (when it occurs little by little). The two main causes of gastritis are 1) a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori, and 2) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Other Causes of an inflamed Stomach

However, there are other causes such as other infectious agents, autoimmune problems, diseases such as Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, and granulomatous gastritis. Gastritis may be due to irritation from the excessive use of alcohol, chronic vomiting, stress, or the use of certain medications such as aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medications.

Inflammatory Stomach Symptoms

Although not all people suffering from gastritis suffer from symptoms, both water, and chronic gastritis can be accompanied by symptoms such as:

  • Nausea or constant upset stomach
  • Abdominal distension
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Stomach heartburn or cramping between meals or at night
  • Hiccup
  • Vomiting blood or a substance similar to ground coffee
  • Consistent and black stools

If gastritis is not treated, it can lead to severe blood loss and may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.

Chronic gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed. Bacteria that consume too much alcohol, certain medications, chronic stress or other problems of the immune system can lead to inflammation. When inflammation occurs, the walls of the stomach change and lose some of its protective cells. It can also cause early satiety. This happens when your stomach feels full after tasting a few bites.

Because chronic gastritis occurs over a long period of time, it gradually erodes the walls of the stomach. And it can cause metaplasia or dysplasia. These are pre-cancerous changes in the cells that can lead to cancer if left untreated.

Chronic gastritis usually improves with treatment, but permanent follow-up may be necessary.

What types of chronic gastritis are there?

There are different types of chronic gastritis, and can be due to different causes:

  • Type A is because the immune system destroys the stomach cells. And it can increase the risk of vitamin deficiencies, anemia, and cancer.
  • Type B, the most common, is caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and can cause stomach, intestinal and cancer ulcers.
  • Type C is due to chemical irritants with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen), alcohol or bile. It can also cause erosion of the stomach walls and bleeding.

Other types of gastritis include hypertrophic gastritis, which is related to a protein deficiency. There is also eosinophilic gastritis, which can occur along with other allergic conditions such as asthma or eczema. Chronic gastritis does not always cause symptoms. But people who have symptoms sometimes experience:

  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Indigestion
  • Swelling
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Belching
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weightloss

The following causes can irritate the walls of the stomach and produce chronic gastritis:

  • Prolonged use of certain medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • The presence of H. pylori bacteria
  • Certain diseases such as diabetes or kidney failure
  • A weak immune system
  • Intense and persistent stress that also affects the immune system
  • Bile flow in the stomach or acid reflux

Gastritis Risk

Factors that increase the risk of gastritis include:

Bacterial infection. Although infection by Helicobacter pylori is among the most common infections in the world, few people with this infection develop gastritis or other gastrointestinal problems. Doctors believe that vulnerability to the bacteria could be hereditary or be caused by certain lifestyles such as smoking or certain diets.

Regular use of analgesics. Common painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox), can cause acute and chronic gastritis. Regular use of these painkillers, or taking an excessive amount of these medications, can reduce a key substance that helps prevent the protection of the stomach lining.

Elderly. Older adults increase the risk of gastritis because the walls of the stomach tend to be thinner with age and because older people are more likely to have H. pylori infection or anti-immune problems than younger people.

Excessive use of alcohol. Alcohol can irritate and weaken the walls of the stomach making the stomach more vulnerable to digestive juices. With excessive use of alcohol, the appearance of acute gastritis will be more likely.

Stress. Severe stress due to major surgeries, burns or serious infections can cause acute gastritis.

Your own body that attacks the cells of the stomach. Called autoimmune gastritis, this type of gastritis appears when the body attacks the cells that form the stomach walls. This reaction can wear down the protective barrier of the stomach.

Autoimmune gastritis is more common in people with other autoimmune problems, including Hashimoto’s disease and type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune gastritis may also be associated with a deficiency of vitamin B-12.

Other diseases and conditions. Gastritis can be associated with other medical conditions such as HIV or AIDS, Crohn’s disease and parasitic infections.

Inflamed Stomach or Gastritis: How is it diagnosed?

Gastritis is diagnosed according to the patient’s symptoms and the history of previous diagnoses and treatment of gastritis, alcohol consumption and use of NSAIDs. To diagnose gastritis, your doctor will review the medical history of you and your family, perform a physical evaluation and can advise the performance of any of the following tests:

Upper endoscopy. An endoscope, a small cable with a small camera, is inserted through the mouth into the stomach to see the stomach lining. The doctor will check if there is inflammation and can send a biopsy: a procedure in which a small sample of tissue is removed and sent to the laboratory for analysis.

Blood tests. The doctor can perform several blood tests for the red blood cell count and determine if you have anemia, which means you do not have enough red blood cells. You can also see if there is H. pylori infection and pernicious anemia through a blood test.

Stool occult blood test ( stool ). This test looks for the presence of blood in the stool, a possible sign of gastritis.

Some tests can be used to diagnose acute gastritis. Normally, your doctor will ask you questions to know your symptoms. You can also send tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as the following:

  • Complete blood count (CBC), to check general health status
  • The blood test or breath or saliva test, to check H. pylori
  • Fecal analysis to check for blood in the stool
  • An esophagogastroduodenoscopy, or endoscopy, to look at the stomach walls through a small camera
  • A biopsy of the gastric tissue, extracting a small sample of the stomach tissue for analysis
  • X-rays to look for structural problems in the digestive system

How to Deflate the Stomach

Some cases of acute gastritis go away without treatment and eating a soft diet can help a quick recovery. Foods low in natural acids, fats and fiber can be tolerated better. Low-fat meat such as chicken or turkey breast can be added to the diet if tolerated, although the broth or chicken soup may work better if vomiting continues to occur.

However, many people need treatment for acute gastritis with treatment and recovery times depending on the cause of gastritis. Infections H. pylori may need one or two rounds of antibiotics and can last for two weeks each. Other treatments, such as those used to treat viruses, may also be used along with medications to reduce symptoms.

Some treatment options are:


There are over-the-counter and prescription medications for gastritis. Many times your doctor will recommend a combination of medications, including the following:

Antacids like Pepto Bismol, TUMS, or milk of magnesia can be used to neutralize heartburn. They can be used while the person is suffering from gastritis, being able to take a dose every 30 minutes if necessary.

H2 antagonists such as famotidine (Pepcid) and cimetidine (Tagamet) reduce the production of stomach acid and can be taken between 10 and 60 minutes before meals.

Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole (Prilosec) and esomeprazole (Nexium) prevent the production of stomach acid. They should be taken only once every 24 hours and for 14 days at the most.

Antibiotics are only necessary if you have an infection by bacteria, such as H. pylori. Common antibiotics used to treat H. pylori infections are amoxicillin, tetracycline (should not be used in children under 12 years old), and clarithromycin. The antibiotic can be used together with a proton pump inhibitor, antacid or H2 antagonist. The treatment usually lasts between 10 days and 4 weeks.

Your doctor may also recommend that you stop taking any NSAID or corticosteroid to check if symptoms are eliminated. Even so, do not stop taking these medications without first going to your doctor.

Home Remedies to Deflate the Stomach

Changes in lifestyles can also help the symptoms of acute gastritis. The changes that can help are:

  • Avoid or limit alcohol consumption
  • Avoid acid, fried or spicy foods
  • Eat small and frequent amounts
  • Recover stress
  • Avoid medications that may irritate the lining of the stomach such as NSAIDs or aspirin.

How chronic gastritis is treated

The most common way to treat chronic gastritis is through medications and feeding. And the treatment for each type focuses on the cause of gastritis.

If you have type A, your doctor will probably examine you for problems related to lack of nutrients. If you have type B, your doctor will use antimicrobial agents and medications to block the acid and thus destroy H. pylori bacteria. If you have Type C, your doctor will probably ask you to stop taking NSAIDs or drink alcohol to prevent future damage to your stomach.


Your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce stomach acid. The most common medications to reduce gastric acid are:

  • Antacids, such as acid carbonate (Rolaids and Tums)
  • H2 antagonists, such as ranitidine (Zantac)
  • Proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole (Prilosec)

The reduction or elimination of aspirin or similar medications is recommended to reduce stomach irritation.

The symptoms of chronic gastritis can sometimes disappear in a few hours if what is causing the gastritis is certain medications or alcohol. But usually, chronic gastritis takes longer to disappear. And without treatment, it can persist for years.


Your doctor may recommend changes in diet to reduce stomach irritation. The things you should avoid are:

  • A diet high in salt
  • A diet high in fat
  • Alcohol, including beer, wine or liquors
  • A diet high in red meat and canned meat

The recommended foods are:

  • All fruits and vegetables
  • Foods high in probiotics, such as yogurt and kefir
  • White meats, such as chicken, turkey or fish
  • High protein plants such as beans or tofu
  • Whole wheat pasta, rice, and bread

Some foods can help get rid of H. pylori bacteria and relieve your symptoms:

  • The garlic contains antimicrobial properties that are especially effective against bacteria of H. pylori.
  • The cranberries can kill bacteria, along with changing the way it interacts with the stomach.
  • The ginger can block the growth of bacteria.
  • The turmeric can help heal ulcers and block the growth of bacteria.
  • Taking probiotics, especially those that contain Lactobacilli or Bifidobacteria, can help improve the function of the stomach lining and protect it against the bacteria that cause gastritis. Foods such as kefir, fermented dough and yogurt are full of healthy probiotic bacteria.
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